12 English Channel Curiosities You Probably Don't Know

1 - Also known as the "English Channel", this water body - which lies between England and France - has earned the name of "English Channel" in Portuguese and Spanish thanks to the way it is called by the French: Le Manche ; however, "joystick" does not mean "blemish" but "mango" in French, since the channel consists of a sea arm that connects the Atlantic to the North Sea.

(Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain)

2 - But throughout history, the English Channel has been known by various names, such as Mare Britannicum, Oceanus Gallicus, Mare Anglica and Narrow Sea .

3 - With just less than 565 km in length and width ranging between 33 km and 240 km, the English Channel occupies an area of ​​75 thousand km2 and its depths reach from 45 to 180 meters.

4 - It was at this deepest point that many of the weapons used during World War I and World War II were discarded.

(Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain)

5. Still on the wars, the islands in the channel, Jersey and Guernsey, as well as bits of land near the two, including Alderney, Herm, Sark, Jethou, Brecqhou, Lihou and Burhou, were occupied by Nazi troops during the conflict; These islanders all belong to the United Kingdom.

6 - The channel formed after the end of the last Ice Age. Prior to this, during the Pleistocene, his location consisted of a stretch of terra firma linking Britain with the rest of Europe.

(Wikimedia Commons / Ulamm)

7 - The first person to cross the English Channel was a guy named Captain Matthew Webb who, in 1875, took 21 hours and 45 minutes to navigate the narrowest point between Dover, England, and Calais., in France; In 1988, an 11-year-old boy completed the crossing in less than 12 hours, and Australian Trent Grimsey made the journey in 6 hours and 55 minutes in 2012.

8 - There is a tunnel that connects England and France through the English Channel, the Eurotunnel, inaugurated in 1994 and whose crossing takes about 35 minutes; About 50, 000 people embark on the trip every day.

(The Independent / Getty)

9 - Although this is a modern engineering work, the first tunnel construction projects in the English Channel arose in 1802, when a Frenchman named Albert Mathieu proposed the creation of an underground road that would allow travel between England and England. France by horse-drawn carriages, with stops on artificial islands along the way.

10 - During the construction of the Eurotunnel, engineers had to remove around 7 million tons of material from the English Channel - which was transported to south-east England where it was used to create a nature reserve called Samphire Hoe Country. Park, with an area of ​​300 thousand square meters.

(Wikimedia Commons / Pline)

11 - The English Channel consists of one of the world's busiest transit points, with a circulation of approximately 500 vessels a day.

12 - The British coastline on the English Channel is much more populous than on the French side.