How NASA was created after US panic with Sputnik launch

NASA is one of the world's leading space exploration agencies, and every now and then it is in the news because of some new discovery, launch or even development of some innovative technology. This weekend, the organization turned 60, and the date was remembered in the US for a number of reasons, but especially for the “panic” surrounding its creation.

By the 1950s, all aerospace efforts on Uncle Sam's land were controlled by the military, and it was becoming clear that this administration was not yielding the expected results. However, it was not until the Soviet Union launched the first Sputnik that the idea of ​​creating a civilian space exploration agency became a consensus among the rulers.

They could also launch thermonuclear bombs on US territory

The first artificial satellite launched by mankind began to orbit the earth on October 4, 1954 and could be seen by almost anyone in the northern hemisphere and also beeped through radio waves. As the world marveled at the launch, the US government was horrified that the Soviet Union could have a rocket capable of placing a Sputnik 1-caliber satellite into orbit. This is because if the Soviets had such technology, they could also launch thermonuclear bombs on US territory.

All this fear of the Soviet Union from the Americans only intensified with the launch of the heavier Sputnik 2, which took the dog Laika into space. “Even Sputnik 1 weighed almost nine times more than the first satellite the US wanted to launch. So there was a sense of excitement and crisis, ”recalled Glen Wilson, a former US Senate employee at the time in a bill that recounts the history of NASA's creation.

Even Sputnik 1 weighed almost nine times more than the first satellite the US wanted to launch.

To make the situation even more tense, the first attempt by the US to launch an artificial satellite into space has failed colossally. Vanguard TV-3 exploded as its release was broadcast on TV globally in 1957.

It was not until 1958 that then US President Dwight Eisenhower sanctioned the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Eventually, NASA managed to launch humans into space and then take them to the moon.

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How NASA was created after US panic with launch of Sputnik via TecMundo