Historical Drops # 001: Your weekly dose of History here at Mega!

The Curious Mega is launching a new column that will show the main facts that occurred during the week throughout history. It does not matter here whether the event took place 200 years ago or just two: what matters is its importance to our civilization.

In this way you will be informed about the main facts of humanity, including discoveries of science, the conquest of space, the beginning or end of wars, colonizations, and milestones of the progress of our species and the lives of important people. Check out!

3/26

1707 - Ratified the Treaty of Union, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

The treaty abolished the Union of Crowns (which held the same monarch for England and Scotland, although they were still separate states) and the independence of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland in favor of a new state that came to be called the Kingdom of England. Great Britain. Wales had already been annexed to England in the 16th century, and Ireland would only join the group in 1800.

1991 - Treaty of Asuncion signed, which created Mercosur

Flags of member countries

(Flickr / Concillería del Ecuador)

The Southern Common Market is an organization initially formed by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, formed in a customs union, in which there is free trade among the member countries. Venezuela joined the bloc in 2012, but is currently suspended for failing to comply with the guidelines. Bolivia has been in the process of accession since 2015.

1995 - Schengen Agreement on free movement of persons entered into force in some EU countries and other signatories

The Agreement covers 30 countries, including all members of the European Union (except Ireland and the United Kingdom) and three non-EU countries (Iceland, Norway and Switzerland). Foreign citizens who enter as tourists or obtain long-term visas can move freely within the space.

Died on this day…

1827 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer

Beethoven was a German composer, considered one of the pillars of Western music for the undeniable development of the language and musical content of his works. He is seen as one of the most respected and influential composers of all time. The musician was working in a new symphony when he died in Vienna, Austria at the age of 56.

3/27

1513 - Date when Juan Ponce de León first saw North America thinking it was an island

Ponce de Leon

(Famous Biographies)

Leon attended the second expedition to America led by Christopher Columbus. He was encouraged to explore new regions north of the Dominican Republic when he saw land and believed it was an island. León named it “La Florida” (today the state of Florida), in recognition of the verdant landscape.

Died on this day…

1968 - Yuri Gagarin, Soviet Cosmonaut

He was the first human to travel through space on April 12, 1961 aboard Vostok 1. He completed an orbit around the planet in 108 minutes and at a height of 315 km on a fully automated flight.

3/28

1944 - Brazilian Federal Police Department established

Brazilian Federal Police

(YouTube / Brazil Graphics)

The Federal Police originated from the Civil Police of the Federal District (now the Civil Police of the State of Rio de Janeiro), when it was renamed the Federal Department of Public Security in 1944. With the transfer of the Brazilian capital, the headquarters changed city, and the agency merged with the Special Guard of Brasilia. Only in 1967 came to be known by the current name.

Died on this day…

1941 - Virginia Woolf, British Writer

In addition to being a writer, Virginia was an essayist and editor, known as one of the most prominent figures in modernism. She made her debut in literature in 1915 with the novel “The Voyage Out, ” which paved the way for her career, being the first in a series of notable works. He died in 1941, having committed suicide.

3/29

1549 - Salvador Foundation, first capital of Brazil

On this day, they arrived at Ponta do Padrão, in Barra, Tomé de Sousa and an entourage with six vessels, with orders from the king of Portugal to found a fortress city called “São Salvador”. “The city is already structured. Salvador is not born of a past, but of a future project that was to build Brazil ", analyzes the writer Antônio Risério.

1/30

1867 - US concluded Alaska purchase

Alaskan Landscape

(University of Alaska Achorage / Institute for Circumpolar Health Studies)

The Crimean War, which took place between 1853 and 1856, greatly weakened Russia's economy. Then-US Secretary of State William H. Seward proposed the purchase of Alaska. Many were opposed to finding the region worthless. The United States Congress eventually approved the purchase in 1867 for $ 7.2 million, or 5 cents per hectare.

Born on this day…

1853 - Vincent van Gogh

Van Gogh was a Dutch painter, considered one of the most famous and influential figures in western art. His work consists of over 2, 000 works, including 860 oil paintings, most created in his last two years of life. His works cover landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits characterized by dramatic and vibrant colors.

3/31

1889 - The Eiffel Tower was inaugurated in Paris by its architect, Gustave Eiffel.

The Eiffel Tower, named after its designer and engineer Gustavo Eiffel, is still the tallest building in Paris and the most visited paid monument in the world. It was built as the entrance arch of the 1889 Universal Exposition and remained the tallest structure in the world until the Chrysler Building was built in New York in 1930.

1964 - The 1964 Military Coup in Brazil overthrew the then president, João Goulart, and started the military regime.

President João Goulart

(Wikimedia Commons / Government of Brazil - Presidents Gallery / Public Domain)

With the resignation of Jânio Quadros in 1961, João Goulart (Jango) assumed the presidency of Brazil - a man who defended leftist measures for Brazilian politics. In March 1964, Jango delivered a fiery speech defending land reform and nationalization of foreign oil refineries. That was the trigger of the coup, which culminated in the president's ouster.

Born on this day…

1596 - René Descartes, French mathematician and philosopher

René Descartes is considered the founder of modern philosophy and mathematics, and one of the most important and influential thinkers in the history of Western thought. He gained mathematical recognition by suggesting the fusion of algebra with geometry and was one of the key figures in the Scientific Revolution.

Died on this day…

1727 - Isaac Newton, British mathematician and physicist

Sir Isaac Newton's picture

(Wikimedia Commons / Godfrey Kneller / Public Domain)

In addition to mathematical and physical, Newton was an astronomer, alchemist, philosopher, theologian, and scientist. His work "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" is considered one of the most influential in history, describing the law of universal gravitation and the three laws of Newton (which underpinned classical mechanics).

4/1

1939 - The Spanish Civil War ended and the Franco dictatorship began.

The Spanish Civil War left 1 million dead and served as a demonstration of the war power that Italy and Germany were preparing for World War II. Francisco Franco became Head of State with the end of the war and the victory of the self-styled nationalists until 1975. It is estimated that 100, 000 people disappeared during his regime.

2002 - The Netherlands becomes the first country to legalize euthanasia

The Netherlands was the first European country to legalize and regulate the practice of euthanasia in April 2002, giving legal outline to a practice that was already tolerated. Dutch law provides that it is a crime to kill someone at their own request, but exempt from this condemnation the act committed by a doctor who complies with legal requirements.