126 years ago, the eruption of Krakatoa volcano changed the world and left 'children'
In December 2018, the world stopped in shock after the tsunami caused by the eruption of Anak Krakatoa volcano, which killed more than 370 people in Indonesia. Despite Anak Krakatoa's violence and power, he is “just” one of the sons of ancient Krakatoa, which erupted on August 26, 1883. The former volcano was responsible for the second most lethal eruption in history, considered 13 times more intense than the atomic bomb of Hiroshima, it left 36, 000 dead. In addition, it caused the loudest noise recorded in history and can be heard at 4.8 thousand kilometers, which represents almost the distance between Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul state and Caracas, Venezuelan capital.
The eruption, which occurred 126 years ago, changed the entire local geography, lowered global temperature and left the earth "dark" for 18 months, while sunrise and sunset remained affected by the damage done by the volcano. All life on the planet has been altered by Krakatoa and even today the consequences are felt and studied, after all, he left "children".
The 882 meter high island literally exploded and disappeared into three small islands. The largest of them has a rock formation that continues to grow and that is where the danger comes from, a danger that was responsible for the tsunami of two years ago: Anak Krakatoa - son of Krakatoa, in translation. He is already 324 meters tall and earns five more each year.
If the old Krakatoa, the father, was already destructive, scientists say that this new formation could be much more powerful. Anak Krakaroa's boiler reaches 50 kilometers underground, making it a gigantic lava deposit.
The volcano is extremely active and it is impossible to know when it can erupt critically. What is known is that if it happens, there should not be many people to tell the story. It is estimated that if Anak Krakatoa reaches the size of its father and causes an eruption like that of 1883, there is a very large possibility that the world's population, fauna and flora will die.
Krakatoa changed the earth and may have left an even more destructive heir
Krakatoa's father "fooled" everyone. According to the Smithsonian Institute's Global Volcanism Program, the volcano was thought to be extinct even with its 16-kilometer-diameter magma boiler, and when it exploded on August 26, 1883, it literally spat lava and stone for a day. leaving more than 36, 000 dead. Although that was the fatal day, most of the year there were other small explosions.
That day, which changed the earth, stones were thrown at 27 km altitude, and 5, 000 km away on Rodrigues Island, the sounds of the last big explosion were heard. The noise even reached Australia, the Philippines and India. As in December 2018, with the Anak Krakatoa eruption 126 years ago, most of the victims died from the tsunami that formed after the explosion, although the eruption destroyed more than half of the island.
The waves caused by the parent volcano reached 40 meters in height, with the power to cross the Indian Ocean, pass through the Pacific and reach the west coast of the United States and South America.
Liverpool, England, African territories and Canada could feel the tsunami waves and bodies of the victims appeared in Zanzibar, Tanzania.
The Krakatoa volcano changed the earth, the atmospheric effects caused by the gases and particles it spit were capable of several changes, say scientists. In addition to lowering the global temperature and changing sunrise and sunset for 18 months, Krakatoa has destroyed all plant and animal life on the island.
The consequences of the parent volcano continue to be studied to this day and it is possible that the worst of them was leaving an “heir” who could be even more powerful and destructive.