Winston Churchill wrote about the existence of alien life in 1939.
Winston Churchill is one of the most important political figures of the 20th century, and as you all know, it was the British statesman and politician who, during World War II, led the United Kingdom virtually from defeat to victory. He served as prime minister between 1940 and 1945, and again between 1951 and 1955, but before plunging into political life, Churchill served in the army and worked as a war correspondent for several newspapers.
Churchill is also remembered for his brilliant mind and talents as a speaker, historian, artist, and writer, and even received a Nobel Prize for Literature - in 1953 - for his entire literary work. What many people have never imagined is that Winston Churchill, besides writing masterfully about war and history, wrote an essay about his opinion about the existence of alien beings and the exploration of space!
We are alone?
According to Sarah Lewin of Space.com, an 11-page document was recently discovered at the National Churchill Museum in Fulton, Missouri. Titled “ Are We Alone in the Universe? ”-“ Are We Alone in the Universe? ”- Winston Churchill, written in 1939 and slightly revised in the late 1950's. And you know what? The rehearsal is simply amazing!
The essay discovered at the National Churchill Museum
In the text, Churchill discusses the likelihood that there are other life forms in the universe and also the possibility that one day man might travel to the moon and even Venus or Mars - all 30 years before Neil Armstrong embarked on his journey. historic terrestrial satellite! The material was discovered by Timothy Riley, director of the museum in 2016, and was referred to Israeli astrophysicist Mario Livio for analysis.
Livio, by the way, was incredibly impressed by the content, especially because Churchill was not a scientist - and because the politician approached the issues in the same way that current researchers treat them. His line of thinking is extraordinary, and he begins, for example, by defining what are the most important defining characteristics of life, and where they would most likely be found in the cosmos.
Churchill concludes in his text that life could only exist in places containing water in its liquid form - that is, in planets that are in what scientists today call the "habitable zone" near the stars, and where they also bet that you would most likely find life forms.
The genius Winston Churchill
The politician furthermore ponders on the planets of the Solar System, explaining that only Mars and Venus could offer the necessary conditions to shelter life, since Mercury is very close to the Sun, and the other planets are too distant.
Churchill dismisses the moon or asteroids as candidates because he thinks that gravity would prevent the formation of an atmosphere, and considers the possibility of planets orbiting other stars - the exoplanets, which were discovered only decades after the politician wrote the planet. test!
The statesman argues that he does not believe that the sun is the only sun out there, and that other stars could also house a family of planets like ours. What's more, Churchill suggests that a good many of these worlds could be large enough to have water in their liquid form on their surfaces and perhaps an atmosphere, and that they might even be at the right distance to have a suitable temperature.
The British leader showing the "V" of victory
Regarding the existence or not of alien life, according to Livio, Churchill found it hard to believe that Earth was the only inhabited planet in the universe, and he thought there might be other intelligent civilizations. However, as far as imagining what these life forms would look like, the politician prefers to leave it to the scientists.
According to Livio, Churchill was a science fan and was the first British Premier to hire a scientific advisor. He often met with researchers, funded the construction of laboratories and research in numerous areas, and wanted advances to be used to make the world better. As a result, during the 1950s, several important discoveries occurred, such as DNA structure and the development of radio astronomy.
Remember that the essay was written months before England entered the war, and Churchill finished the text as follows:
“ I, for one, am not so immensely impressed by the success we are making of our civilization here that I am prepared to think we are the only spot in this immense universe which contains living, thinking creatures, or that we are the highest type of mental and physical development which has ever appeared in the vast compass of space and time ”.
The translation (free) would be: “ I, for one, am not so immensely impressed by the success we are making of our civilization here to be prepared to think that we are the only place in this huge universe that contains living, thinking creatures or that we are the most mentally and physically developed type that has appeared on this vast compass of space and time . ”